Elder, Elderberry, European black elderberry

© stadiblidene.lv/

Sambucus nigra

Native to moast of Europe. Elderberry is a deciduous shrub or a small tree to 6 m tall and wide. The bark light grey when young changes to a coarse grey. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs 10-30 cm long whith 5-9 leaflets, the leaflets 5-12 cm long, and 3-5 cm broad. The flowers are born in large flat corumbs 10-25 cm diameter in late spring. The fruit is a glossy black berry 3-5 mm diameter, produced in drooping clusters in a late autumn; an important food for many fruit-eating birds.