GREATER BUDROCK ('Arctium lappa')

© E. Bēvalde.

A biennial plant that can reach up to three meters in height. It is found almost everywhere and usually does best in clay soil, preferring full sunlight.
This plant is often called European ginseng, because it is widely used in medicine.
Burdock roots contain mucilage, sulfur-containing acetylene compounds, polyacetylenes, and bitter guaianolide-type components. The seeds contain arctigenin, arctin and butyrolactone lignans.
In Latvia, budrock is better known as a plant that is part of various cosmetic products, but it is also used in cooking in many parts of the world.